A hip replacement or hip arthroplasty is done to treat a severely damaged hip joint that is causing pain and immobility. This may be due to arthritis, a fracture, avascular necrosis or a sports injury. In suitable cases, your orthopaedic surgeon may suggest a total or partial hip replacement depending on the cause for joint damage.
Hip replacement surgery is then done under general anaesthesia, by making an incision in the thigh near the hip. The joint is then made visible so that the damaged parts of the joint can be removed. The prosthetic socket is then inserted into the pelvic bone, and the remaining healthy thighbone is then prepared for the prosthetic or artificial parts by hollowing it out to allow the component to fit snuggly inside. Once the prosthetic femoral head is secured to the stem, the incisions are closed.
After surgery, Dr Pienaar will discuss your rehabilitation, physical therapy, and any lifestyle changes that might be required post-surgery. You should be able to resume normal activities in 6 weeks of surgery.